After the quiet month of Poseideon brings with it a slew of festivals. We'll start on december 13th with the Plerosia. Will you be joining us at 10 AM EST? If you are a woman that is; it seems the Plerosia was a women-only festival.

The Plerosia is a non-Athenian festival. As such, the details of the celebration are somewhat vague. So we extrapolate from the placement of the festival and the little information we have. What we know for sure is that Zeus was worshipped, and that it's often linked to the Proerosia. As such, we can assume Demeter was also honored, and that it was a harvest festival of sorts--the name translates roughly to 'festival of completion'. This is where the assumptions begin, but we get an extra hint of the intended purpose of the festival because of Zeus' inclusion and the name of the festival.

Poseideon marks the end of the harvesting season, as well as the trading season. The majority of the work is done. Now it's time to return home, take stock, and stay warm. It's a time to thank the Theoi for all that has been received and all that will get us through the winter. The word ‘plerosis’ means fulfillment, satiated, filled, and implies banqueting and celebration of the bounty of the season that is ending. This is also the spirit we have tried to capture in the ritual.

As a separate--and very important--note: the Plerosia seems to have been a women-only festival, like the Skira(phoria) and the Thesmophoria. We're not sure this is correct, but we'll go with it anyway. Once reason I could think of is that now the winter is upon us, we turn to the domain of the women: the house(hold). As such, it is her prerogative to thank the Gods for the food she can feed her family with.

The ritual for this sacrifice can be found here and you can join our community page here. We hope you will join us in celebrating this joyous event.
Erinna (Ἤριννα) was an ancient Hellenicpoet. Biographical details about her life are uncertain. She is generally thought to have lived in the first half of the fourth century BC, though some ancient traditions have her as a contemporary of Sappho; Telos is generally considered to be her most likely birthplace, but Tenos, Teos, Rhodes, and Lesbos are all also mentioned by ancient sources as her home. Erinna is best known for her long poem, the Distaff, a three-hundred line hexameter lament for her childhood friend Baucis, who had died shortly after marriage. A large fragment of this poem was discovered in 1928 at Behnasa in Egypt. Along with the Distaff, three epigrams ascribed to Erinna are known, preserved in the Greek Anthology. I'll shre a part fo the Distaff today.

Stele and my sirens and mournful urn,
you who enclose the little ash of Hades,
say farewell to those passing my grave,
whether local townsmen or from other cities;
say also that the tomb holds me, a bride; and say this too:
that my father called me Baukis and by race
I was from Tenos, so they may know, and that my friend
Erinna caused this writing to be engraved on the tomb.

I belong to Baukis the bride. As you pass through the much-lamented
stele, say this to the subterranean Hades:
"You are spiteful, Hades." To the viewer, these beautiful letters
will announce the most cruel fate of Baukis:
that with the torches to which the Hymen song was sung,
her father-in-law cremated the girl on this pyre.
For your part, Hymenaeus, you changed the tuneful marriage song
to the anguished wail of lament.

The highest court in Italy has ordered the Getty Museum in Los Angeles to return an ancient Greek bronze statue that was found off the Adriatic coast of Italy in 1964, according to the U.K.’s Telegraph newspaper. The statue is believed to be the work of the Hellenic sculptor Lysippus.

A decade-long dispute has taken place between the museum and Italian government reading the ownership of the Victorious Youth, as the statue is called. The statue is also sometimes referred to as the “Getty Bronze”.

The Roman court upheld the ruling of a local court in Pesaro, located in the Marche region of central Italy, where the statue was found by fishermen more than fifty years ago. It is believed that a Roman ship was transporting the bronze statue from Greece to Italy when it sank in the Adriatic.

The Getty Museum bought “Victorious Youth” in 1977 for $3.95 million from a German art dealer and it is currently on display at the Getty Villa, part of the Getty Museum. Italian authorities claim that the statue was taken out of Italy illegally, without an export license. The museum maintains that the statue was found in international waters, and has only an incidental connection with Italy.
On the day of the Hene kai Nea, I post a monthly update about things that happened on the blog and in projects and organizations related to it. I will also announce Elaion's coming PAT rituals.

PAT rituals for Poseideon:
  • 5 Poseideon - 13 December 2018 - Plerosiafestival at Attic deme of Myrrhinus
  • 8 Poseideon - 15 December 2018 - Poseidea - festival in honor of Poseidon
  • 10 Poseideon - 18 December 2018 - Rustic or Lesser Dionysiain honor of Dionysos
  • 16 Poseideon - 24 December 2018 - Sacrifice to Zeus Horios at Erkhia
  • 26 Poseideon - 3 January 2019 - Haloa - fertility festival in honor of Dionysos and Demeter

Anything else?
Are you looking for an online shop to buy incenses and other Hellenistic basics from? Try The Hellenic Handmaid on Etsy.

Would you like to support me? Buy me a coffee.

If there’s one archaeological find that would turn the world on its head it would be the discovery of the lost city of Atlantis. Many have looked for the remains of the mythical locale, but nobody has come close to actually finding it, and researchers claiming to have found it in the past have all ultimately been proven wrong. Now, with a suite of high-tech hardware at its disposal, a company called Merlin Burrows believes it might have finally pinpointed the location where the city once stood. Needless to say, you should take everything you read from this point on with a huge grain of salt.

Thousands of years ago, Plato wrote about the civilization, noting that its incredible technological advancements and wealth had no equal, and that the city was ultimately destroyed by some terrible event. Nobody even really knows if Plato meant for his writings to be taken as documentation of the existence of the city or if he was just sewing a yarn to serve as a warning against the dangers of excess, but that hasn’t stopped plenty of people from searching for Atlantis.

Merlin Burrows, which calls itself a land and sea search company specializing in finding “forgotten or hidden” things, is poised to release a documentary about what it says may finally be proof that Atlantis was real.

Speaking with Live Science, Merlin Burrows CEO Bruce Blackburn says his company used satellite data to comb an area that the group believed may have been the location of the thriving city. Their work began years ago and, according to Blackburn, the location was chosen based on Plato’s writings as well as other texts.

The spot, which is located near the coast in Spain’s Doñana National Park, was subsequently searched for clues. Merlin Burrows says it was then that the company found what it believes is remains of temples and towers. Dating of the material, which is thought to be early concrete, suggested it was between 10,000 and 12,000 years old, which would fit the rough timeline of when Atlantis is said to have existed.

This is hardly the first time a group has claimed discovery of Atlantis, and it’s not even the first time that researchers suggested the remains might be sitting in this specific location in Spain. However, Merlin Burrows says its upcoming documentary titled Atlantica will put questions to rest.

With so many false “finds” in the past, the archaeological community at large is pretty worn out on Atlantis discoveries. If this is indeed the proof we’ve all been waiting for it’ll be an incredible achievement, but for now we’ll have to keep our fingers crossed.
The Parthenon Marbles were not stolen but were given by an Ottoman Sultan to Lord Elgin, claims a descendant of the man who took them to Britain.

Lord Charles Bruce said the marble friezes, now on display in the British Museum, were given by a Turkish sultan to his forebear Thomas Bruce, the seventh Earl of Elgin. In return, the Earl gave him a chandelier for his palace — as well as the vaccine for smallpox.

The marbles were chipped off from the ruins of the Parthenon Temple in Athens and shipped to England between 1801 and 1805. At the time, Greece was part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
In a recent interview, Lord Bruce told The Times that...

"The marbles were a diplomatic gift. It’s a part of the story not clearly understood. The British had cemented a military alliance with the Turks, and there was a personal friendship between Elgin and the sultan. They exchanged gifts, and there’s a beautiful chandelier from Elgin which still hangs in the Topkapi Palace [in Istanbul]. The chandelier still hangs in a room where Lady Elgin taught the sultan’s family to dance the eightsome reel. We also gave them the smallpox vaccine, which prevented an outbreak in Smyrna, and later the vaccine went on to Baghdad and Bombay, and was used to inoculate a million Indians."

The Parthenon Marbles, also known as the Elgin Marbles, is a collection of classical Greek marble sculptures, inscriptions and architectural members that originally were part of the Parthenon and other buildings on the Acropolis of Athens. It is widely believed that Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin obtained a controversial permit from the Ottoman authorities to remove pieces from the Parthenon while serving as the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1799 to 1803. Since then, there has been great controversy surrounding the legitimacy of this permit and the validity of the UK's claim to keep the Marbles instead of sending them home to Greece. The UK, however, maintains its claim.
Sewerage works in Muro Leccese, a small town in the province of Lecce, in the Apulia region of south-east Italy, led to the discovery of an intact Messapian tomb containing the remains of several children and their funerary goods.

According to archaeologists Oda Calvaruso and Francesco Meo from the University of Salento, the tomb dates from the Hellenistic period, between the fourth and third centuries BC.

"This is the first time that such a deposit has been discovered with vases, bowls, toys and feeding bottles, still intact. It is an invaluable discovery because it was found in an area of the ancient necropolis and testifies to the importance of Muro Leccese in the Messapian era."